Basics of neuroscience and behavioral neurology
Study Cycle: 1
Lecturer(s): asist. Mlinarič Tjaša, red. prof. dr. Pirtošek Zvezdan
Historical overview of neurological sciences. Maina res of neurosciences. Occurrence & development of nervous system through evolution. Benetics, experience, epigenetics. Structure of the brain – grand plan (hemispheres, lobes, important areas). Neuron, propagation of action potentia,, synapse, glia. Neurotransmitors. Methods of research in neuroscience (imaging, neurophysiology, pharmacology, clinical studies, animal models). Sensory-perceptive systems (vision, hearing, touch, taste, smell, pain). Vision – from retinal image to hallucinations. Motor systems. Hunger, sexuality. Biology of emotions. Systems of reward and addiction. Stress. Learning, memory. Language, sppech. To sleep, perchance to dream…Mirror neurons. Neuroplasticity. Localization in the brain: 2 hemisphers, 5 lobes, many centres. Aphasia, apraxia, alexia, agnosia, symptoms of the frontal lobe. Bedside cognitive testing. Biology of depression, autism, Tourette syndrome. Dementia. Parkinson's disease. Epilepsy. Dying and death. The brain tomorrow, aftertomorrow ...